FreeBSD is an advanced computer operating system used to power modern servers, desktops, and embedded platforms. A big group has frequently developed it for more than thirty years.
Its advanced networking, security, and storage features have made FreeBSD the platform of selection for most of the busiest websites and most pervasive embedded networking and storage devices.
FreeBSD includes kernel support for stateful IP firewalling, in addition to other services, such as IP proxy gateways, access control lists, necessary access control, jail-based virtual hosting, and cryptographically protected storage.
FreeBSD additionally includes support for encryption software programs, safe shells, Kerberos authentication, “virtual servers” created using jails, chroot-ing services to limit application software access to the file system, and Secure RPC services. And as well as the access lists for services that support TCP wrappers.
Cutting edge features
FreeBSD offers advanced networking, performance, security, and compatibility features as we speak that are nonetheless missing in other operating systems, even a number of the greatest industrial ones.
Powerful Internet solutions
FreeBSD makes an excellent Internet or Intranet server. It provides strong network services under the heaviest loads. And makes use of memory effectively to take care of good response times for 1000’s simultaneous user processes.
Run a huge number of programs
The quality of FreeBSD combined with low-cost, high-speed PC hardware makes Free BSD an economical alternative to industrial UNIX workstations. It is well-suited for an excellent number of desktop and server programs.
Easy to install
You can install this OS from a wide range of media together with CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, floppy disk, magnetic tape, and an MS-DOS partition. Or in case you have a network connection, you may install it immediately over anonymous FTP or NFS. All you want are these instructions.
Free to use
FreeBSD is available free of cost and comes with a full source code. If you wish to buy or download a copy to check out, more information is available.
- Internet services. Many Internet Service Providers (ISPs) find FreeBSD ultimate, running WWW, Usenet news, FTP, Email, and other services. The ready-to-run program just like the Apache webserver or the ProFTPD FTP server makes it simple to arrange an enterprise or community-centered ISP.
- X Window workstation. Free X program (X.Org) comes with the system. nVidia offers native drivers for their high-performance graphics hardware, and the industry-standard Motif and OpenGL libraries are supported. Both the KDE and GNOME desktop environments take pleasure in full support. Also provide office suite performance, with additional good performance available within the OpenOffice.Org and TextMaker products.
- Networking. From packet filtering to routing to name service, FreeBSD can turn any PC into an Internet firewall, email host, print server, PC/NFS server, and more.
- Software improvement. A collection of improvement tools comes with Free BSD, together with the GNU C/C++ compiler and debugger. You can even select from various popular and highly effective editors, akin to XEmacs and Vim.
- Net browsing. An actual UNIX workstation makes an excellent Internet surfboard. Firefox and Opera are available for critical web users. Surf the web, publish your web pages, read Usenet news, and send and receive an email on your desktop.
- And a lot more. Accounting, action games, MIS databases, scientific visualization, video conferencing, Internet relay chat (IRC), home automation, multiuser dungeons, bulletin board systems, image scanning, and more are all made use of for this OS as we speak.
Minimum Hardware Requirements
The hardware requirements to install Free BSD vary by architecture. Hardware architectures and devices supported by a Free BSD release are listed on the FreeBSD Release Information page. The FreeBSD download page additionally has recommendations for selecting the proper image for various architectures.
A Free BSD installation requires a minimum of 96 MB of RAM and 1.5 GB of free hard drive space. However, such small amounts of memory and disk space are only suitable for customized programs like embedded appliances. General-purpose desktop systems want more resources. 2-4 GB RAM and not less than 8 GB hard drive space is an efficient start line.
The minimal configuration to install Free BSD varies with the Free BSD version and the hardware architecture.
A summary of this information is given in the following sections. Depending on the strategy you select to install FreeBSD, you might also want a supported CDROM drive, and in some circumstances a network adapter.
FreeBSD/i386 requires a 486 or higher processor and not less than 64 MB of RAM. At least 1.1 GB of free hard drive space is required for probably the most minimal installation.
Note: On old computer systems, increasing RAM and hard drive space is often more effective at improving performance than installing a quicker processor.
There are two classes of processors able to run FreeBSD/amd64. The first is AMD64 processors, together with the AMD Athlon™64, AMD Athlon64-FX, AMD Opteron, or higher processors.
The second class of processors that may use FreeBSD/amd64 includes these using the Intel® EM64T architecture. Examples of those processors include the Intel Core 2 Duo, Quad, and Extreme processor families, the Intel Xeon 3000, 5000, and 7000 sequences of processors, and the Intel Core i3, i5, and i7 processors.
If you will have a machine based on an nVidia nForce3 Pro-150, you should use the BIOS setup to disable the IO APIC. If you don’t have the option to do that, you’ll probably need to disable ACPI as an alternative. There are bugs within the Pro-150 chipset for which we have now not yet found a workaround.
FreeBSD/ PowerPC Apple Macintosh
All-New World Apple Macintosh systems with built-in USB are supported. SMP is supported on machines with multiple CPUs.
A 32-bit kernel can only use the primary 2 GB of RAM. FireWire® will not be supported on the Blue & White PowerMac G3.
Systems supported by FreeBSD/sparc64 are listed on the FreeBSD/sparc64 Project.
A dedicated disk is required for FreeBSD/sparc64. It will not be possible to share a disk with one other operating system at the moment.
Size: 3.61 GB